Domestic violence and its related risk factors among women attending infertility clinic in North of Iran

Fatemeh Alijani, Afsaneh Keramat, Zeinab Hamzeh Gardeshi, Ahmad Khosravi, Mansoureh Afzali, Fatemeh Habibi

Abstract


Infertility is associated with emotional problems, marital distress and domestic violence (DV). It might have a substantial consequence on women, families, and society as a whole. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of domestic violence and its related risk factors among infertile women in the north of Iran. A total of 379 infertile women between October 2015 and March 2016 were included in the current study, using consecutive sampling. Socio-demographic characteristics were assessed via a structured questionnaire. The Revised Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS2) was used to evaluate domestic violence. The data were statistically analyzed and a P <0.05 was considered as the significance level for all tests. Of 379 infertile women, 88.9% reported domestic violence. Psychological violence was the most common type of violence. There were no significant relationships found between violence and women’s educational status, men’s jobs, place of residence, alcohol consumption, and drug addiction. Men smoking and women with younger age were risk factors of violence against women (P <0.05). The prevalence of domestic violence is considerably high in Sari, Iran. Being a smoker and having a younger age may increase violence against infertile women. Health staff should identify at-risk women and support them and their husbands via educational programs and counseling.


Keywords


Domestic violence, infertility, women, prevalence, risk factors

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References


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