Effect of life skills education on nurses’ happiness

Fateme Rahighee Yazdi, Farahnaz Farnia, Maryam Salehzadeh Abarghouei


Happiness is known as a common goal for all the human being and an effective factor in reducing and coping with stress. Nursing is one of the stressful jobs in healthcare facing various occupational stressors. Life skills education is an intervention used to promote mental health and confront psychosocial injuries. The present study was conducted to examine the effect of life skills education on nurses’ happiness at Shahid Sadoughi Hospital in Yazd, 2015. This is a semi-experimental study with pre- and post-test and a control group. A total of 32 volunteer nurses were selected and assigned into control (n=16) and case (n=16) groups. The case group participated in an 8-hour course of life skills education (including effective communication, self-awareness, anger management, and coping with stress). Data collection was carried out using Fordyce happiness scale and demographic questions completed before and one week after the course by both groups and analyzed using chi square and t-test. According to the findings of this study the mean (±SD) of nurses’ happiness in the control and case groups were 131.25 ± 11.96 and 130.44 ± 12.75 at the baseline and 130.06 ± 28.10 and 146.25 ± 13.70 one week later, respectively (P = 0.038). This difference was not significant in control group (P = 0.163). The results of this study indicated that life skills education could significantly increase nurses’ happiness and thus it can be used as a beneficial intervention.


Happiness, Nurse, Education, Life skills

Full Text:



Sharifi K, Sooky Z, Tagharrobi Z, Akbari H. Happiness and its related factors among the students of Kashan university of medical sciences in 2006-7. Feyz, J Kashan Univ Med Sci 14:62-69, 2010.

Nasaran Broujeni I, Asadi H. Investigation of the relationship between happiness and commitment of the staff of the Ministry of Sport and Iranian Youth. Sport Manage 6:545-557, 2013.

Fisher CD. Happiness at work. Int J Manage Rev 12:384-412, 2010.

Dehaghi MR. Happiness as an effective factor in organizational commitment of managers. Afr J Bus Manage 6:9460-9468, 2012.

Peterson C. The future of optimism. Am Psychol 55:44-55, 2000.

Carr A. Positive psychology: The Science of Happiness and Human Strengths. 2nd ed, Routledge London, New York 2011.

Cohen S, Herbert TB. Health Psychology: Psychology factors and physical disease from the perspective of human psychoneuroimmunology. Annu Rev Psychol 47: 113-142, 1996.

Badryzadh A, Frhady A, Tarahi MJ, Saki M, Biranovand GR. Evaluation of mental health nurses in public hospitals of horramabad. J Lorestan Univ Med Sci 15:62-69, 2013.

Nakakis K, Ouzouni CH. Factors influencing stress and job satisfaction of nurses working in psychiatric units: a research review. Health Sci J 2:183-195, 2008.

Marilyn C, Michael S, Dorothy A. Depression in nurses. Can J Nurs Res 42:66-82, 2010.

Duffin C. Only one in seven nurses happy in their job, work survey reveals. Nurs Stand 28:7, 2014.

Moustaka A, Constantinidis TC. Sources and effects of work-related stress in nursing. Health Sci J 4:210-219, 2010.

Mirzaei Tanshizi P, et al. Comparison of the effectiveness of subjective well-being program and Fordyce cognitive-behavioral program in reducing depression among high school students in Isfahan. J Shaheed Sadoughi Univ Med Sci 17:291-302, 2009.

WHO/CPA. School health education to prevent AIDS and STD. School health education to prevent AIDS and STD resource package for curriculum planners World health organization Global program on AIDS Geneva. 1994.

Ashoori M, Jalilabkenar S, Hasanzadeh S, Pourmohamadreza Tajrishi M. Effectiveness of life skill instruction on the mental health of hearing loss students. Rehabilitation 13:48-57, 2013.

Wodarski JS, Feit MD. Adolecent preventive health. A social and life group skills. J Fam Ther 24:191-208, 2000.

Albertyn RM, Kapp CA, Groenewald CJ. Patterns of empowerment in individuals through the course of a life-skills programme in South Africa. Stud Educ Adult 33:180-200, 2001.

Eysenck M. Happiness: Fact and Myths. UK: Erlbaum, 1990.

Argyle M. The Psychology of Happiness. London: Rutledge, 2001.

Bakhtiar Nasrabadi HA, Pahlevan sadegh A. Impact of education and training programs to enhance the vitality Fordyce. J Edu Psychol 15:21-40, 2012.

Liaghatdar MJ, Abedi MR, Jafari E. Standardization of Isfahan-Fordyce Happiness Inventory in University Students. J Psychol 13:183-96, 2008.

Mahdavi Haji T, Mohammadkhani S, Hahtami M. The Effectiveness of life skills training on happiness, quality of life and emotion regulation. Procedia-Soc Behav Sci 30:407-411, 2011.

Javadi M, Sepahvand MJ, Mahmudi H, Sori A. The effect of life skills training on quality of life in nurses of Khorramabad Hospitals. Sci J Hamadan Nurs Midwifery Facul 21:32-40, 2013.

Ghorbanshiroudi S, Maddahi ME, Mahmoudi E, Ghorbannejad F, Keikhayfarzaneh MM. The relationship between job stress and anxiety level of the employees of Tehran municipality and determining the effectiveness of life skills training in reducing them. Eur J Sci Res 65:444-452, 2011.

Ghavipanjeh S, Ebrahimi H, Barzanjeh Atri S, Pakpour V, Tarverdizadeh P. Effect of problem-solving skills on depression scores in nursing and midwifery students. Tehran Univ Med Sci J Nurs Midwifery 20:38-46, 2014.

Hartati Anis S, Gusaptono H. The role of life skills training on self-efficacy, self esteem, life interest, and role of behavior for unemployed youth. Global J Manage Bus Res 10:132-139, 2010.

Yadav P, Iqbal N. Impact of life skill training on self-esteem, adjustment and empathy among adolescents. J Indian Acad Appl Psychol 35:61-70, 2009.


  • There are currently no refbacks.